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United States v. Castro

United States District Court, D. Nebraska

October 29, 2019

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
v.
MAURO TORRES CASTRO, Defendant.

          MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

          LAURIE SMITH CAMP SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         This matter is before the court for initial review of the Defendant's Motion to Vacate under 28 U.S.C. 2255, ECF No. 165. Rule 4(b) of the Rules Governing Section 2255 Proceedings for the United States District Courts requires initial review of the Defendant's § 2255 Motion. Rule 4(b) states:

The judge who receives the motion must promptly examine it. If it plainly appears from the motion, any attached exhibits, and the record of prior proceedings that the moving party is not entitled to relief, the judge must dismiss the motion and direct the clerk to notify the moving party. If the motion is not dismissed, the judge must order the United States attorney to file an answer, motion, or other response within a fixed time, or to take other action the judge may order.

         FACTUAL BACKGROUND

         On April 20, 2015, the Defendant Mauro Torres Castro pled guilty to the following Counts of the Indictment: Counts I (distribution or possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of actual methamphetamine in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 846) and V (use of a firearm in furtherance of a drug trafficking crime in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A)). On August 10, 2015, he was sentenced to 120 months incarceration on Count I, and five years incarceration on Count V, to be served consecutively, followed by five years of supervised release on each count, to be served concurrently.

         On February 23, 2017, the Defendant's sentence on Count I was reduced to a term of 75 months incarceration pursuant to the Government's motion under Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 35(b). The other terms and conditions of the original Judgment and Commitment Order remained in effect, and an Amended Judgment was filed on the same date.

         The Defendant's pending Motion under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 was filed on October 28, 2019. In his Motion, the Defendant seeks relief on the theory that the residual clause of 18 U.S.C. § 924(c) is unconstitutionally vague. In support of that theory, he relies on the Supreme Court's decision in United States v. Davis, 139 S.Ct. 2319 (2019).

         DISCUSSION

         As amended by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 ("AEDPA"), 28 U.S.C. § 2255 imposes a one-year statute of limitations on § 2255 motions, stating in pertinent part:

A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to a motion under this section. The limitation period shall run from the latest of-
(1) the date on which the judgment of conviction becomes final;
(2) the date on which the impediment to making a motion created by governmental action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the movant was prevented from making a motion by such governmental action;
(3) the date on which the right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if that right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or (4) the date on which the facts supporting the claim or claims presented ...

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