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McLaughlin v. BNSF Railway Co.

United States District Court, D. Nebraska

October 1, 2019

BRUCE McLAUGHLIN, Plaintiff,
v.
BNSF RAILWAY COMPANY, formerly known as Burlington Northern & Santa Fe Railway Co. Defendant.

          MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

          JOHN M. GERRARD CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         Bruce McLaughlin is suing his former employer, BNSF Railway Co., under the Federal Employers Liability Act (FELA), 45 U.S.C. § 51 et seq., alleging that his workplace exposure to hazardous materials caused his bladder and lung cancers. But McLaughlin was diagnosed with bladder cancer on March 2, 2015-more than 3 years before he sued. The issue presented by BNSF's motion for partial summary judgment (filing 35) is whether McLaughlin's claim as to his bladder cancer is time barred by FELA's 3-year statute of limitations. See § 56.

         I. BACKGROUND

         McLaughlin worked for BNSF in Lincoln, Nebraska for 39 years, starting in 1976. Filing 37-1 at 4, 15. He started as a helper, but was quickly upgraded to a carman and held that position until he retired in March of 2015. Filing 37-1 at 24-25, 15. McLaughlin worked about eight years in the Havelock Shops and the remainder of his time at Hobson Yard. Filing 37-1 at 23, 26. During that time he was exposed to various hazardous materials, including dust, welding fumes, diesel fuel, diesel exhaust, and insecticide. See filing 37-1 at 23, 37-38; see also filing 1 at 2. McLaughlin also smoked a pack-and-a-half of cigarettes a day for over 30 years until he quit in 2012. Filing 37-1 at 9-10.

         As will be explained further below, the real question is when McLaughlin knew, or should have known, that his bladder cancer could be attributed to his work for BNSF. McLaughlin sought treatment in February 2015 and had surgery which diagnosed the bladder cancer on March 2, 2015. Filing 37-1 at 7-8; filing 37-3 at 1. McLaughlin discussed the cancer diagnosis with his physician at a follow-up visit on March 6, 2015. Filing 37-4 at 1; see filing 36 at 4; filing 42 at 3. So, McLaughlin knew no later than March 6, 2015 about his bladder cancer.

         McLaughlin also knew on March 6, 2015 that he had been exposed to a variety of hazardous materials while working for BNSF. He had received training and knew that diesel exhaust, solvents and asbestos were potential health risks. See filing 37-1 at 14-15. He also knew "maybe not all of it was hazardous. . . . I do have a pretty good idea that there's some things in that environment that wasn't probably good for me." Filing 37-1 at 37.

         McLaughlin maintains, however, that until he saw a Facebook ad he had no idea that the hazardous materials he was exposed to at BNSF could cause bladder cancer. Filing 42 at 3; filing 37-1 at 17-18. After seeing the ad, McLaughlin said he now believes:

[I]t was an accumulation of exposure to a lot of different toxins . . . that I worked around for all them years. . . . [F]rom locomotives and all the cars, the stuff they spray the yards for weeds, all the dust and dirt and coal and just the whole environment out there, I think contributed to this bladder cancer."

         Filing 37-1 at 23 (cleaned up). McLaughlin said he never associated his bladder cancer with smoking. Filing 37-1 at 18.

         It is unclear from the record when McLaughlin actually saw the ad, but suffice to say it was after March 28, 2015.[1] See filing 37-1 at 7-8. McLaughlin filed suit on March 27, 2018 alleging that his workplace exposure to "various toxic substances and carcinogens" caused or contributed to his bladder cancer. Filing 1 at 2. After limited discovery, see filing 12, BNSF filed this motion for partial summary judgment, filing 35, asserting that McLaughlin's claim as to his bladder cancer is time-barred.

         II. STANDARD OF REVIEW

         Summary judgment is proper if the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and that the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(a). The movant bears the initial responsibility of informing the Court of the basis for the motion, and must identify those portions of the record which the movant believes demonstrate the absence of a genuine issue of material fact. Torgerson v. City of Rochester, 643 F.3d 1031, 1042 (8th Cir. 2011) (en banc). If the movant does so, the nonmovant must respond by submitting evidentiary materials that set out specific facts showing that there is a genuine issue for trial. Id.

         On a motion for summary judgment, facts must be viewed in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party only if there is a genuine dispute as to those facts. Id. Credibility determinations, the weighing of the evidence, and the drawing of legitimate inferences from the evidence are jury functions, not those of a judge. Id. But the nonmovant must do more than simply show that there is some metaphysical doubt as to the material facts. Id. In order to show that disputed facts are material, the party opposing summary judgment must cite to the relevant substantive law in identifying facts that might affect the outcome of the suit. Quinn v. St. Louis Cty., 653 F.3d 745, 751 (8th Cir. 2011). The mere existence of a scintilla of evidence in support of the nonmovant's position will be insufficient; there must be evidence on which the jury could conceivably find for the nonmovant. Barber v. C1 ...


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