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United States v. Lasley

United States District Court, D. Nebraska

May 10, 2019

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
v.
ORLANDO J. LASLEY, Defendant.

          MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

          LAURIE SMITH CAMP SENIOR UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE.

         This matter is before the Court on the Appeal of the Magistrate Judge's Order, ECF No. 98, filed by Defendant Orlando J. Lasley (“Defendant”). The Defendant objects to the Magistrate Judge's Order of April 26, 2019, ECF No. 19, denying the Defendant's Motion to Review Detention and Request for Hearing, ECF No. 93.

         BACKGROUND

         The Defendant was charged on July 18, 2017, with assault causing serious bodily injury in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 113(a)(6) and § 1153 (Count I) and assault of an intimate or dating partner, causing substantial bodily injury, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 113(a)(7) and § 1153 (Count II). Indictment, ECF No. 1. On July 26, 2017, he was released on conditions, ECF No. 11. On September 11, 2017, a Petition for Action on Conditions of Pretrial Release was filed, ECF No. 35, alleging violations of the Defendant's conditions of release, including his failure to communicate with his Pretrial Services Officer as directed, his failure to maintain or seek employment, and his unauthorized change of residence. The officer noted that efforts to communicate with the Defendant had been unsuccessful since August 18, 2017, and his whereabouts were unknown. Id. A warrant was issued for the Defendant's arrest. ECF No. 36.

         The Defendant appeared for trial on September 12, 2017, and he was taken into custody on that date pursuant to the warrant for his arrest. A Pretrial Services Violations Report was filed on September 13, 2017, ECF No. 39, detailing the Defendant's non-compliance with the conditions of his release and recommending that he remain in custody pending further proceedings.

         A jury returned a verdict of guilty on both Counts on September 15, 2017, and the Defendant was sentenced on December 11, 2017, to a term of 33 months custody on each Count, to be served concurrently, followed by three years of supervised release on each Count, also to be served concurrently. He was remanded to the Bureau of Prisons at the time of sentencing.

         The Defendant appealed, and on February 27, 2019, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit reversed and remanded, finding that this Court's response to a jury question effectively amended the Indictment by allowing the jury to consider evidence of injuries suffered by the victim that were not specified in the Indictment. ECF No. 87, 88.

         Jury trial is now scheduled to begin on June 4, 2019, and the Defendant seeks release from custody. The Magistrate Judge denied his request for release from detention, concluding that there were no new circumstances or information to consider relating to Defendant's risk of non-appearance or danger to the community. Magistrate Judge Order, ECF No. 97 at Page ID 862, citing 18 U.S.C. § 3142(f)(2). She based her decision on “Defendant's previous violations of pretrial release, as well as the nature of his charges, past convictions for crimes of violence, and record of previous failures to appear[.]” Id.

         STANDARD

         “Unless additional evidence is received on review, the district judge reviews an order of release or detention de novo on the record made before the magistrate judge.” NECrimR 46.2(c); see also 18 U.S.C. § 3145(b).

         DISCUSSION

         No additional evidence has been received, and the Court reviews the Magistrate Judge's Order de novo on the record, including the record of the trial proceedings.

         Detention is appropriate where the Government proves by clear and convincing evidence that a defendant is a danger to others or to the community, or where the Government proves by a preponderance of the evidence that a defendant is a risk of flight and that, in either case, there are no conditions or combination of conditions that will assure the safety of the community or the defendant's appearance at future court proceedings. 18 U.S.C. § 3142(e)(1). In determining whether detention is appropriate, the Court must consider the following factors:

(1) the nature and circumstances of the offense charged, including whether the offense is a crime of violence, a violation of section 1591, a Federal crime of terrorism, or involves a minor victim or a controlled ...

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