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Cotton v. Douglas County

United States District Court, D. Nebraska

April 8, 2019

JAMES COTTON, Plaintiff,
v.
DOUGLAS COUNTY, NEBRASKA, et al., Defendants.

          MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

          Richard G. Kopf, Senior United States District Judge.

         This matter is before the court on Defendants' motion to restrict (Filing 16) and on Plaintiff's motion for miscellaneous relief (Filing 19). For the reasons discussed below, each motion will be granted in part and denied in part.

         I. Defendants' Motion to Restrict

         On February 28, 2019, Defendants filed a motion for summary judgment (Filing 15), together with a supporting brief (Filing 17) and evidentiary materials (Filing 18). Defendants' brief and index of evidence were filed as provisionally restricted access documents pursuant to Nebraska Civil Rule 5.3(c)(1). Only parties of record and court users may routinely access such documents electronically. See NECivR 5.3(c)(3).

         The Eighth Circuit has recognized there is a common-law right of access to judicial records in a civil proceeding. See IDT Corp. v. eBay, 709 F.3d 1220, 1222 (8th Cir. 2013); Seidl v. Am. Century Companies, Inc., 799 F.3d 983, 994 (8th Cir. 2015); Flynt v. Lombardi, 885 F.3d 508, 511 (8th Cir. 2018). “This right of access bolsters public confidence in the judicial system by allowing citizens to evaluate the reasonableness and fairness of judicial proceedings, and to keep a watchful eye on the workings of public agencies. It also provides a measure of accountability to the public at large, which pays for the courts.” IDT Corp., 709 F.3d at1222 (quotations and citations omitted). “Where the common-law right of access is implicated, the court must consider the degree to which sealing a judicial record would interfere with the interests served by the common-law right of access and balance that interference against the salutary interests served by maintaining confidentiality of the information sought to be sealed.” Id. at 1223. “The presumption of public access to judicial records may be overcome if the party seeking to keep the records under seal provides compelling reasons for doing so.” Flynt, 885 F.3d at 511 (8th Cir. 2018) (citing In re Neal, 461 F.3d 1048, 1053 (8th Cir. 2006)).

         Defendants' motion states that the brief and exhibits offered in support of their motion for summary judgment “could be deemed confidential in nature, including medical records with protected health information as that term is used in the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and video footage from cameras within the Douglas County Department of Corrections that could reveal the location of said cameras and compromise the security within the institution” (Filing 16). Under our local rules, however, “[t]he motion must state why filing an unredacted document is necessary and why redaction would not reduce or eliminate the need for restriction.” NECivR 5.3(c)(1)(A). “In ruling on the motion, the assigned judge may lift the restriction on the document, strike it, or order the filing party to place a redacted copy of the document on the public docket.” NECivR 5.3(c)(2). Because Defendants have not shown that redaction would be impractical or inadequate, I will exercise the third option.

         To the extent Defendants have an interest in protecting Plaintiff's medical records, because of HIPAA or other concerns, they already possess the discretionary authority to redact such records under Nebraska Civil Rule 5.3(b)(3) (permitting redaction of “medical or psychological records”).[1] Regarding any information contained in the documents that would reveal the location of security cameras at the Douglas County Department of Corrections, I accept Defendants' representation that disclosure of such information could compromise security at the institution. Defendants therefore are authorized to redact any such information.[2] See NECivR 5.3(b)(12) (permitting redaction of “other data as the court orders”).

         II. Plaintiff's Motion for Miscellaneous Relief

         Plaintiff has requested that this case be held in abeyance for an indefinite period because he recently had back surgery and is still in pain, he has limited vision and is scheduled for cataract surgery, and he has high blood pressure which may require hospitalization. Plaintiff also requests that Defendants' motion for summary judgment be denied. Alternatively, Plaintiff requests that he be granted an extension of time to respond to Defendants' motion, stating that he needs to “send out Privacy Act and Freedom of Information requests to the Social Security Administration, Department of Health and Human Services, along with Plaintiff's medical records ....” (Filing 19, p. 2). Plaintiff asks that he not be required to respond to the summary judgment motion until he “has received all requests for medical files and records from the SSA, Health and Human Services, Dr. Doran, Dr. Phillips, Dr. Miller, Methodist Hospital, Bergan Mercy, Emmanuel, records in other states, Bureau of Prisons, Tecumseh Prison and elsewhere for verification of Plaintiff's Complaint” (Filing 19, p. 4). As another alternative, Plaintiff requests that counsel be appointed because he “is not medically capable to proceed in this moment and future” (Filing 19, p. 4). Plaintiff has filed a declaration verifying that all statements made in his motion for miscellaneous relief are true and correct (Filing 20).

         Defendants object to Plaintiff's various requests, but indicate they would not oppose a 30-day extension of time for Plaintiff to respond to their summary judgment motion (Filing 21). Defendants' objections are well-taken.

         Plaintiff's back surgery (lumbar decompressive laminectomy, foramintomy) was performed on January 21, 2019 (Filing 19, p. 8). Plaintiff states he is experiencing “insufferable pain” because of “complications from the surgery, ” and “is presently being seen by a physical therapist” (Filing 19, p. 1). Plaintiff also states he “can hardly see at all” because of a cataract in his right eye and blurriness in his left eye; Plaintiff indicates cataract surgery is scheduled, but no date is provided (Filing 19, p. 1). Finally, Plaintiff is being monitored for hypertension (Filing 19, pp. 2, 12).

         Although Plaintiff claims to be unable to proceed with this action at the present time because of the foregoing health issues, the court is not convinced. This was Plaintiff's fourth back surgery, and it was performed because he “presented with back pain and neurogenic claudication symptoms as well as radiculopathy down his whole leg” (Filing 19, p. 9). The surgery was performed more than 2 months ago, and there is no evidence that Plaintiff's condition is worse now than it was when he filed this action in October 2018. Similarly, there is no evidence that Plaintiff's impaired vision and high blood pressure are recent developments. In any event, the court will not stay the action or hold Defendants' motion for summary judgment in abeyance until such time as Plaintiff's health improves. Cf. Radecki v. Joura, 177 F.3d 694, 696 (8th Cir. 1999) (holding that “the district court correctly stopped short of granting [plaintiff's] request for ‘an indefinite continuance of all matters'” on account of plaintiff's alleged disability due to depression).

         Also, the court cannot routinely appoint counsel in civil cases. In Davis v. Scott, 94 F.3d 444, 447 (8th Cir. 1996), the Eighth Circuit explained that “[i]ndigent civil litigants do not have a constitutional or statutory right to appointed counsel.” Trial courts have “broad discretion to decide whether both the plaintiff and the court will benefit from the appointment of counsel, taking into account the factual and legal complexity of the case, the presence or absence of conflicting testimony, and the plaintiff's ability to investigate the facts and present his claim.” Id. The court, having considered these factors, and, in particular, Plaintiff's claimed inability to proceed pro se because of ongoing health issues, concludes that Plaintiff's request for appointment of counsel should be denied without prejudice to reassertion.

         Finally, Plaintiff's request for an extension of time is governed by Rule 56(d) of the Federal Rules ...


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