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Riggle v. Valero

United States District Court, D. Nebraska

June 3, 2016




         This matter is before the Court on the defendant, Valero, American Enterprise Property’s ("defendant" or "AEP"), motion to dismiss the amended complaint (Filing No. 22). The matter has been fully briefed by the parties. See Filing Nos. 23, 24, and 26. After review of the motion, the parties’ briefs, and the applicable law, the Court finds as follows.


         Plaintiff, Andrew Riggle ("plaintiff" or "Riggle") commenced the present action on November 8, 2015 (Filing No. 1). Plaintiff seeks "injunctive relief, attorney fees and costs pursuant to 42 U.S.C. §§ 12181 et seq. . . ." (Filing No. 21 at 1). Plaintiff alleges he "experienced serious difficulty accessing the goods and using the services [on defendant’s property] due to the architectural barriers . . . therein." (Id. at 2). Riggle claims to be a "qualified individual" under the Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA"), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12181 et seq., due to his "bad back, heart problems, and arthritis." (Id. at 1).

         On January 29, 2015, AEP filed a motion to dismiss (Filing No. 12). The Court denied AEP’s motion without prejudice and granted plaintiff the opportunity to amend his complaint (Filing No. 20). Plaintiff filed his amended complaint on April 18, 2016 (Filing No. 21). Thereafter, on April 29, 2016, AEP filed the present motion to dismiss (Filing No. 22). AEP contends the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction because "[p]laintiff has failed to establish standing . . . ." (Filing No. 23 at 4). AEP also argues plaintiff’s complaint should be dismissed for failure "to state a claim for which relief can be granted under the ADA." (Id. at 9).


         Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1)

         Suits are subject to dismissal when the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction to hear the matter. Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(1). The party asserting jurisdiction bears the burden of proving that jurisdiction is proper. Great Rivers Habitat Alliance v. FEMA, 615 F.3d 985, 988 (8th Cir. 2010).

         A federal district court must first address "the threshold question whether [plaintiff has] alleged a case or controversy within the meaning of Art. III of the Constitution or only abstract questions not currently justiciable by a federal court." Babbitt v. United Farm Workers Nat. Union, 442 U.S. 289, 297, 99 S.Ct. 2301, 60 L.Ed.2d 895 (1979). "[T]he complaint must contain more than bald assertions of injury to survive a motion to dismiss . . . ." Burton v. Cent. Interstate Low-Level Radioactive Waste Compact Comm’n, 23 F.3d 208, 210 (8th Cir. 1994). "To show Article III standing, a plaintiff has the burden of proving: (1) that he or she suffered an ‘injury-in-fact, ’ (2) a causal relationship between the injury and the challenged conduct, and (3) that the injury likely will be redressed by a favorable decision." Steger v. Franco, Inc., 228 F.3d 889, 892 (8th Cir. 2000) (quoting Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife, 504 U.S. 555, 560-61, 112 S.Ct. 2130, 119 L.Ed.2d 351 (1992)).


         The ADA prohibits "discrimination in places of public accommodation against persons with disabilities." Id. at 892 (citing 42 U.S.C. § 12182(a)). One form of discrimination provided within the statute includes "‘a failure to remove architectural barriers . . . in existing facilities . . . where such removal is readily achievable.’" Id. (quoting 42 U.S.C. § 12182(b)(2)(A)(iv)). The statute "grants a private right of action for injunctive relief to, inter alia, ‘any person who is being subjected to discrimination on the basis of disability.’" Id. (quoting 42 U.S.C. § 12188(a)(1)).

         Plaintiff argues he has satisfied the three essential elements of standing. First he claims to have sufficiently "alleged an actual injury." (Filing No. 24 at 2). Second, plaintiff claims his injuries resulted from defendant’s violations of the ADA. (Id. at 2-3). Finally, plaintiff argues the injunctive relief he seeks and his intention "to return to use defendants’ property" is enough to satisfy the redressibility element. (Id. at 3). Plaintiff suggests he "had difficulty using the restroom, " the "toilet stall" and had a difficult time "turning the bathroom handle to enter and leave the bathroom." (Filing No. 21 at 2). However, plaintiff’s complaint fails to allege more than bare assertions. The Court is left to guess as to how any of the alleged ADA violations apply to plaintiff’s stated disabilities or how defendant’s correction of the supposed violations would remedy the discrimination to which plaintiff claims he is subjected.

         AEP counters that the twenty-four ADA violations alleged by plaintiff "do not apply to his disability" and therefore plaintiff is unable to establish the injury-in-fact and the causal relationship elements of standing (Filing No. 26 at 1; see also Filing No. 23 at 7-9). The Court agrees. The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit has explicitly held that in order "[t]o meet the injury-in-fact requirement, ‘the party seeking review must be himself among the injured.’" Steger, 228 F.3d at 893 (quoting Lujan, 504 U.S. at 560). The Court concludes that the plaintiff has failed to effectively show how the ADA violations alleged by plaintiff apply to his stated disabilities. Plaintiff’s alleged disabilities include "a bad back, heart problems, and arthritis." (Filing No. 21 at 1). Plaintiff has provided the Court with no factual allegations, other than conclusory statements, to support his claim that the alleged ADA violations injured him or are somehow causally related to his stated disabilities. Plaintiff is not "among the injured." In addition, plaintiff’s complaint fails to provide a concrete intent to return to AEP’s property, demonstrating another example of plaintiff’s deficiency to satisfy the injury-in-fact requirement. See Steger, 228 F.3d at 892-93.

         Plaintiff has failed to establish that he has standing. Therefore, the Court is without jurisdiction. Accordingly, defendant’s motion to dismiss will be granted and plaintiff’s complaint will be dismissed with prejudice. A separate ...

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