United States District Court, D. Nebraska
June 4, 2015
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
DANIEL APONTE, Defendant.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
LAURIE SMITH CAMP, Chief District Judge.
This matter is before the Court on the Defendant's Motion Under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence by a Person in Federal Custody (§ 2255 motion) (Filing No. 118). The Court conducted an initial review of the § 2255 motion and in its Memorandum and Order (Filing No. 119) directed the government to respond to Ground One, Claims One and Four (ineffective assistance of counsel for (a) failure to appeal the Court's ruling on his motion to suppress and (b) failure to appeal the Court's final judgment), and Ground Two (application of U.S. v. $45, 000.00, 749 F.3d 709 (8th Cir. 2014), suggesting that a partially obscured license plate is not grounds for a vehicle stop).
The government filed its answer, brief in support of its answer, and index of evidence (Filing Nos. 125, 126, and 127) and the Defendant filed a rebuttal (Filing No. 129). After review of the submitted documents, the Court ordered the Magistrate Judge to receive evidence and issue findings and recommendation. ( See Filing No. 130). Counsel was appointed to represent the Defendant, but withdrew pursuant to the Defendant's motion to proceed pro se. ( See Filing No. 144.) The parties submitted additional briefs (Filing Nos. 147 and 148) and the government submitted additional evidence (Filing No. 147). After consideration of the parties' briefs and evidence, Magistrate Judge Gossett issued his Findings and Recommendation (Filing No. 150), recommending that the Defendant's § 2255 Motion be denied.
The Court has conducted an independent review of the briefs and evidence, and adopts the Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendation in their entirety, incorporating by reference herein the factual background and discussion presented in Filing No. 150.
The Defendant has not demonstrated that counsel representing him at the time of his motion to suppress and sentencing performed "below the minimum standards of professional competence" by failing to appeal the Court's denial of Defendant's motion to suppress or by failing to appeal the final judgment; nor has Defendant demonstrated a "reasonable probability that the result of the proceedings would have been different" had counsel filed appeals. See Alaniz v. United States, 351 F.3d 365, 367 (8th Cir. 2003), citing Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 690 (1984). The uncontroverted evidence before the Court demonstrates that the Defendant did not request that his counsel file any appeal in this case ( see Affidavit of Michael D. Nelson, Filing No. 127-1 at ¶ 8) and that counsel advised the Defendant that by pleading guilty he was waiving his right to appeal the denial of the motion to suppress ( see Affidavit of Michael D. Nelson, Filing No. 147-1 at ¶ 1).
Although the Defendant appears to suggest that his counsel should have anticipated the Eighth Circuit decision in U.S. v. $45, 000.00, which was issued after the Defendant's sentencing and after the time to appeal had expired, the failure to anticipate a future ruling of an appellate court is not performance below the minimum standards of professional competence. The decision in U.S. v. $45, 000.00 has not been applied retroactively, and even if it were, it would not result in the suppression of evidence seized during the Defendant's traffic stop, because the Defendant's license plate was obscured to such an extent that a reasonable officer would not likely be able to discern the origin of the plate. ( See Attachments to Affidavit of Michael D. Nelson, Filing No. 127-2, 127-3.)
IT IS ORDERED:
1. The Magistrate Judge's Findings and Recommendation (Filing No. 150) are adopted in their entirety;
2. The Defendant's Motion Under 28 U.S.C. § 2255 to Vacate, Set Aside, or Correct Sentence by a Person in Federal Custody (§ 2255 motion) (Filing No. 118) is denied;
3. The Clerk will mail a copy of this Memorandum and Order to the Defendant's last known address; and
4. A separate Judgment will be issued.