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Hernandez v. Sabatka-Rine

United States District Court, D. Nebraska

May 18, 2015

JUAN ANTONIO HERNANDEZ, Petitioner,
v.
DIANE SABATKA-RINE, Warden, Nebraska State Penitentiary, Respondent.

MEMORANDUM OPINION

LYLE E. STROM, Senior District Judge.

This matter is before the Court on respondent Diane Sabatka-Rine's ("Respondent") Motion for Summary Judgment (Filing No. 14), and petitioner Juan Antonio Hernandez's ("Petitioner") "Motion for Concession" (Filing No. 16). As set forth below, the Court will dismiss the petition with prejudice because it is barred by the statute of limitations.

I. BACKGROUND

Petitioner pled guilty to first degree sexual assault and child abuse on May 4, 2010, in the District Court of Dakota County, Nebraska ("state district court") (Filing No. 13-2 at CM/ECF pp. 36-37). On June 8, 2010, the state district court sentenced petitioner to 16-17 years imprisonment on the sexual assault charge, and 18-20 months imprisonment on the child abuse charge (Filing No. 13-1 at CM/ECF p. 10). Petitioner did not file a direct appeal from his conviction and sentence. He filed a motion for postconviction relief in the state district court on August 6, 2012, which the state district court denied in orders dated October 23, 2012, and July 12, 2013 (Filing No. 13-2 at CM/ECF pp. 13-38).

Petitioner filed his habeas corpus petition in this court on August 21, 2014 (Filing No. 1). Respondent moved for summary judgment on January 28, 2015 (Filing No. 14). Thereafter, petitioner "move[d] to concede his motion for habeas courpus [sic]" on February 25, 2015 (Filing No. 16).

II. DISCUSSION

The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 ("AEDPA"), 110 Stat. 1214, establishes a one-year limitations period for state prisoners to file for federal habeas relief that runs from the latest of four specified dates:

(A) the date on which the judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for seeking such review;
(B) the date on which the impediment to filing an application created by State action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the applicant was prevented from filing by such State action;
(C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or
(D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence.

28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1). "The statute of limitations is tolled while state post-conviction or other collateral review is pending." King v. Hobbs, 666 F.3d 1132, 1135 (8th Cir. 2012) (citing 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(2)).

Respondent argues petitioner's habeas corpus petition is barred by the limitations period set forth in 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d). Respondent set forth the following in her brief:

The state district court entered its judgment on June 10, 2010, and, because Petitioner did not appeal from that judgment, his convictions became final on July 10, 2010 (i.e., upon the expiration of the time for seeking direct review). See Neb. Rev. Stat. § 25-1912(1) (Reissue 2008) (stating a defendant must file an appeal within 30 days after the district court enters its judgment). As such, the Petitioner had one year, or until July 10, 2011, to file his habeas petition. He failed to do so. And because Petitioner filed his postconviction motion on August 6, 2012 - more ...

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