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Medina v. Thurber

United States District Court, D. Nebraska

March 31, 2015

ERNEST MEDINA, Plaintiff,
v.
MICHAEL THURBER, Defendant.

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

JOSEPH F. BATAILLON, Senior District Judge.

Plaintiff filed his Complaint (Filing No. 1) in this matter on October 1, 2014. This court has given Plaintiff leave to proceed in forma pauperis in this matter. (Filing No. 16.) The court now conducts an initial review of Plaintiff's Complaint to determine whether summary dismissal is appropriate under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2) and 1915A.

I. SUMMARY OF COMPLAINT

Plaintiff is incarcerated at the Lancaster County Jail. He has sued Michael Thurber, who Plaintiff alleges is the jail's director. He alleges Thurber's policies have infringed on his rights to send mail and to access the courts. Liberally construed, Plaintiff alleges federal constitutional claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.

Plaintiff alleged that, between August 11, 2014, and September 29, 2014, he attempted to send sealed items of mail to the Governor of the State of Nebraska, the President of the United States, and a patient rights advocate at "Bryan West L.g.H., " but jail staff returned the mail to him unopened. A note was attached to the returned mail, "which read letters to the governor, the president, or other government agencies were not considered privileged[.]" (Filing No. 1 at CM/ECF p. 3.) Plaintiff also alleged the law library at the jail is "inadequate, " and jail staff refused to provide him legal forms on two separate occasions. ( Id. at CM/ECF p. 2.)

For relief, Plaintiff asks for "an adequate law library, access to the courts and the right to freely correspond with government officials." ( Id. at CM/ECF p. 5.)

II. APPLICABLE LEGAL STANDARDS ON INITIAL REVIEW

The court is required to review prisoner and in forma pauperis complaints seeking relief against a governmental entity or an officer or employee of a governmental entity to determine whether summary dismissal is appropriate. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e) and 1915A. The court must dismiss a complaint or any portion of it that states a frivolous or malicious claim, that fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B); 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b).

Pro se plaintiffs must set forth enough factual allegations to "nudge[] their claims across the line from conceivable to plausible, " or "their complaint must be dismissed." Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 569-70 (2007); see also Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) ("A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.").

"The essential function of a complaint under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure is to give the opposing party fair notice of the nature and basis or grounds for a claim, and a general indication of the type of litigation involved.'" Topchian v. JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., 760 F.3d 843, 848 (8th Cir. 2014) (quoting Hopkins v. Saunders, 199 F.3d 968, 973 (8th Cir. 1999)). However, "[a] pro se complaint must be liberally construed, and pro se litigants are held to a lesser pleading standard than other parties." Topchian, 760 F.3d at 849 (internal quotation marks and citations omitted).

Liberally construed, Plaintiff here alleges federal constitutional claims. To state a claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, a plaintiff must allege a violation of rights protected by the United States Constitution or created by federal statute and also must show that the alleged deprivation was caused by conduct of a person acting under color of state law. West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988); Buckley v. Barlow, 997 F.2d 494, 495 (8th Cir. 1993).

III. DISCUSSION OF CLAIMS

A. Legal Mail

Plaintiff alleged jail staff refused to send his sealed items of mail to the Governor of the State of Nebraska, the President of the United States, and a patient rights advocate. Liberally construed, Plaintiff alleged the jail's policy of not considering ...


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