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Batun v. Omaha Hous. Auth.

United States District Court, D. Nebraska

December 1, 2014


Abdulrazak Batun, Plaintiff, Pro se, Omaha, NE.


Richard G. Kopf, Senior United States District Judge.

Plaintiff filed his Complaint in this matter on July 25, 2014. (Filing No. 1.) The court has given Plaintiff leave to proceed in forma pauperis. (Filing No. 5.) The court now conducts an initial review of the Complaint to determine whether summary dismissal is appropriate under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2).


Plaintiff is a resident of Omaha, Nebraska, and is a practicing Muslim. During the events described in the Complaint, Plaintiff lived at the Jackson Tower apartment complex in Omaha, Nebraska. Plaintiff alleges Jackson Tower is owned and operated by the Omaha Housing Authority (" OHA"). Plaintiff alleges he was subject to discriminatory statements and actions by employees of the OHA and tenants acting at the direction of the OHA. For example, Plaintiff alleges Defendant Cindy Cosentino gave Plaintiff a book about Islamic terrorism and made threats to him based on his religion. Plaintiff alleges he complained to OHA officials about the discriminatory statements and harassment--including to Defendant Clifford Scott--but his complaints were ignored. All of this apparently culminated in Plaintiff's eviction on August 15, 2012.


The court is required to review in forma pauperis complaints to determine whether summary dismissal is appropriate. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2). The court must dismiss a complaint or any portion thereof that states a frivolous or malicious claim, that fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or that seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B).

Pro se plaintiffs must set forth enough factual allegations to " nudge[] their claims across the line from conceivable to plausible, " or " their complaint must be dismissed" for failing to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570, 127 S.Ct. 1955, 167 L.Ed.2d 929 (2007); see also Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 173 L.Ed.2d 868 (2009) (" A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged."). Regardless of whether a plaintiff is represented or is appearing pro se, the plaintiff's complaint must allege specific facts sufficient to state a claim. See Martin v. Sargent, 780 F.2d 1334, 1337 (8th Cir. 1985). A pro se plaintiff's allegations must be construed liberally. Burke v. North Dakota Dep't of Corr. & Rehab., 294 F.3d 1043, 1043-44 (8th Cir. 2002) (citations omitted).


The Fair Housing Act (" FHA") prevents discrimination " against any person in terms, conditions, or privileges of sale or rental of a dwelling, or in the provision of services or facilities in connection therewith, because of race, color, religion, sex, familial status, or national origin." 42 U.S.C. § 3604(b). In addition to claims based on discrimination, the FHA makes it " unlawful to coerce, intimidate, threaten, or interfere with any person" attempting to exercise his rights under the FHA. 42 U.S.C. § 3617. A tenant subject to unlawful discrimination pursuant to the FHA can bring a private cause of action seeking damages. 42 U.S.C. § 3613; Neudecker v. Boisclair Corp, 351 F.3d 361, 363 (8th Cir. 2003).

Plaintiff is a Muslim. He alleges employees of the OHA and tenants of his apartment complex made discriminatory statements about his religion to him. The Complaint further alleges other tenants took discriminatory actions against him. He also alleges that his complaints about the statements and actions to the OHA were largely ignored and that he was eventually evicted as a result of his religion and/or his actions in complaining about the treatment he allegedly received while a resident of the Jackson Tower apartment complex. Liberally construed, Plaintiff's Complaint states a claim for relief under the FHA. Accordingly, the claim may proceed to service of process. The court cautions Plaintiff that this is only a preliminary determination based on the allegations of the Complaint. This is not a determination of the merits of Plaintiff's claims or potential defenses thereto.


Plaintiff filed a motion seeking the appointment of counsel. (Filing No. 6.) The court cannot routinely appoint counsel in civil cases. In Davis v. Scott, 94 F.3d 444, 447 (8th Cir. 1996), the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals explained that " [i]ndigent civil litigants do not have a constitutional or statutory right to appointed counsel. . . . The trial court has broad discretion to decide whether both the plaintiff and the court will benefit from the appointment of counsel . . . ." Id. (quotation and citation ...

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