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Nelson v. Carson Valley United Methodist Church

United States District Court, Eighth Circuit

November 26, 2013

GREGG M. NELSON, pro se, Plaintiff,
CARSON VALLEY UNITED METHODIST CHURCH, a Nevada non-Profit Corporation, DOES 1-5, Inclusive, and ROE COMPANIES 1-3, Inclusive, Defendants.


RICHARD G. KOPF, Senior District Judge.

This matter is before me on Defendant Carson Valley United Methodist Church's ("CVUMC") Motion to Dismiss. (Filing 4.) Also pending is CVUMC's Motion to Strike. (Filing 7.) As set forth below, I will deny CVUMC's Motion to Strike and grant its Motion to Dismiss.


On May 1, 2013, Plaintiff Gregg M. Nelson ("Nelson") filed a Complaint in the County Court of Lancaster County, Nebraska. (Filing 1-1 at CM/ECF p. 1.) In the Complaint Nelson alleges that on April 3, 2013, A3 Energy, Inc. ("A3 Energy"), assigned him a Solar Power Generating Facility located on CVUMC's property. ( Id. at CM/ECF pp. 6, 123.) Nelson's Complaint asks, among other things, for a judgment declaring that a "November 21, 2010 Contract between [CVUMC] and A3 Energy, Inc. was legal and binding, " "[CVUMC] is bound by the Terms and Conditions of the Contract, " Nelson is the exclusive owner of the "Generating Facilities located on" CVUMC's "real property as of April 1, 2013 and that any subsequent action taken by [CVUMC] in an attempt to gain ownership is null and void." ( Id. at CM/ECF p. 9.)

On June 7, 2013, CVUMC removed Nelson's Complaint to this court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1441. (Filing 1.) CVUMC subsequently filed a Motion to Dismiss along with a Brief and Affidavits in Support. (Filings 4, 5, 5-2, and 5-3.) In its Brief, CVUMC argues that Nelson's Complaint should be dismissed for insufficient service of process and because the court lacks personal jurisdiction over CVUMC. (Filing 5.) On July 10, 2013, Nelson filed a Response to CVUMC's Motion to Dismiss. (Filing 6.) Thereafter, CVUMC moved to strike Nelson's response arguing it contains unsupported assertions of fact in violation of NECivR 7.0.1. (Filings 7 and 8.)

On September 24, 2013, I entered a Memorandum and Order in this matter finding that the record was incomplete. (Filing 9.) In particular, I concluded that CVUMC had filed an Affidavit that discussed an attached "Judgment by Default, " but that no such "Judgment by Default" was attached to the Affidavit. ( Id. ) I also noted that such a judgment raised concerns regarding the Rooker-Feldman [1] doctrine. ( Id. ) I directed CVUMC to supplement the record with the "Judgment by Default" and file a supplemental brief addressing the application of the Rooker-Feldman doctrine. ( Id. ) I also provided Nelson with the opportunity to respond. ( Id. )

On October 23, 2013, CVUMC filed a Supplemental Brief and an Index of Evidence in Support. (Filings 10 and 11.) In its Supplemental Brief, CVUMC argues that "pursuant to the Rooker-Feldman doctrine, the Court is without subject matter jurisdiction over the instant matter." (Filing 10 at CM/ECF p. 2.) However, CVUMC asks me to dismiss Nelson's Complaint upon the substantive grounds of claim preclusion. ( Id. ) Nelson did not respond to CVUMC's Supplemental Brief. ( See Docket Sheet.)


A. Motion to Strike

Before turning to CVUMC's Motion to Dismiss, I will address its Motion to Strike. CVUMC asks me to strike Nelson's Response to its Motion to Dismiss because Nelson failed to file his Response in the form of a brief and because Nelson makes factual assertions without supporting citations. (Filing 8.) The court's local rules provide that a party opposing a motion "must file a brief that concisely states the reasons for opposing the motion and cites to supporting authority." NECivR 7.0.1(b)(1)(A). The local rules also provide that a factual assertion in an "opposing brief must cite to the pertinent page of the pleading, affidavit, deposition, discovery material, or other evidence on which the opposing party relies." NECivR 7.0.1(b)(2)(A).

The court agrees with CVUMC that Nelson's Response does not comply with the court's local rules. However, motions to strike are viewed with disfavor and infrequently granted. Lunsford v. United States, 570 F.2d 221, 229 (8th Cir. 1977). In light of this, and Nelson's pro se status, the court will not strike Nelson's Response. CVUMC's Motion to Strike (filing 8) is denied.

B. Rooker-Feldman

As discussed above, CVUMC argues that this court lacks subject matter jurisdiction under the Rooker-Feldman doctrine. (Filing 10 at CM/ECF p. 2.) The Rooker-Feldman doctrine is based on the fact that "federal district courts are courts of original jurisdiction, and by statute they are precluded from serving as appellate courts to review state court judgments, as that appellate function is reserved to the Supreme Court under 28 U.S.C. § 1257." Dornheim v. Sholes, 430 F.3d 919, 923 (8th Cir. 2005). The doctrine applies to "cases brought by state-court losers complaining of injuries caused by state-court judgments rendered before the district court proceedings commenced and inviting district court review and rejection of those judgments." Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Saudi Basic Indus.Corp., 544 U.S. 280, 284 (2005). However, the doctrine "precludes federal district court jurisdiction only if the federal suit is commenced after the state court proceedings have ended." Dornheim, 430 F.3d at 923; see also Exxon Mobil, 544 U.S. at 292 ("[N]either Rooker nor Feldman supports the notion that properly invoked concurrent jurisdiction vanishes if a state court reaches judgment on the same or related question while the case remains sub judice in a federal court."). Indeed, "[t]here is no judgment to review if suit is filed in federal district court prior to completion of the state-court action. Rather, [d]isposition of the federal action, once the state-court adjudication is complete, would be governed by preclusion law.'" Dornheim, 430 F.3d at 923 (quoting Exxon Mobil, 544 U.S. at 293).

Here, the record before the court shows that Nelson originally filed this matter on May 1, 2013, in the County Court of Lancaster County, Nebraska. (Filing 1-1 at CM/ECF p. 1.) The "Judgment by Default" that relates to this matter was entered by the Ninth Judicial District Court of the State of Nevada on May 10, 2013, in "CASE No. 13-CV-0078" (the "Nevada Proceeding"). (Filing 11-2 at CM/ECF pp. 149-53.) Because the "Judgment by Default" was entered after this matter was filed, ...

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