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United States v. Griffin

United States District Court, Eighth Circuit

November 20, 2013

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
v.
ANDRE GRIFFIN, Defendant.

DETENTION ORDER

THOMAS D. THALKEN, Magistrate Judge.

A. Order For Detention

After conducting a detention hearing pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3142(f) of the Bail Reform Act on November 20, 2013, the Court orders the above-named defendant detained pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3142(e) and (i).

B. Statement Of Reasons For The Detention

The Court orders the defendant's detention because it finds:
X By a preponderance of the evidence that no condition or combination of conditions will reasonably assure the appearance of the defendant as required.
X By clear and convincing evidence that no condition or combination of conditions will reasonably assure the safety of any other person or the community.

C. Finding Of Fact

The Court's findings are based on the evidence which was presented in court and contained in the Pretrial Services Report, and includes the following:

X (1) Nature and circumstances of the offense charged:
X (a) The crime: a conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute methamphetamine (Count I) in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 846 carries a minimum sentence of ten years imprisonment and a maximum of life imprisonment; the possession with intent to distribute methamphetamine (Count II) in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) carries a minimum sentence of five years imprisonment and a maximum of forty years imprisonment; and the possession with intent to distribute heroin (Count III) in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1) carries a maximum sentence of twenty years imprisonment.
____(b) The offense is a crime of violence.
____(c) The offense involves a narcotic drug.
____(d) The offense involves a large amount of controlled substances, to wit:
____(2) The weight of the evidence against the defendant is high.
X (3) The history and characteristics of the defendant including:
(a) General Factors:
____ The defendant appears to have a mental condition which may affect whether the defendant will appear.
____The defendant has no family ties in the area.
X The defendant has no steady employment.
X The defendant has no substantial financial resources.
X The defendant is not a long time resident of the community.
____The defendant does not have any significant community ties.
____Past conduct of the defendant:
X The defendant has a history relating to drug abuse.
____ The defendant has a history relating to alcohol abuse.
X The defendant has a significant prior criminal record.
____The defendant has a prior record of failure to appear at court proceedings.
(b) At the time of the current arrest, the defendant was on:
____Probation
____Parole
____Release pending trial, sentence, appeal or completion of sentence.
(c) Other Factors: _______________________________________________
____The defendant is an illegal alien and is subject to deportation.
____The defendant is a legal alien and will be subject to deportation if convicted.
____The Bureau of Immigration and Custom Enforcement (BICE) has placed a detainer with the U.S. Marshal.
____Other:
X (4) The nature and seriousness of the danger posed by the defendant's release are as follows: The nature of the charges in the Indictment and the defednant's criminal and substance abuse history.
X (5) Rebuttable Presumptions
In determining that the defendant should be detained, the Court also relied on the following rebuttable presumption(s) contained in 18 U.S.C. § 3142(e) which the Court finds the defendant has not rebutted:
X (a) That no condition or combination of conditions will reasonably assure the appearance of the defendant as required and the safety of any other person and the community because the Court finds that the crime involves:
____(1) A crime of violence; or
X (2) An offense for which the maximum penalty is life imprisonment or death; or
X (3) A controlled substance violation which has a maximum penalty of 10 years or more; or
____ (4) A felony after the defendant had been convicted of two or more prior offenses described in (1) through (3) above, and the defendant has a prior conviction for one of the crimes mentioned in (1) through (3) above which is less than five years old and which was committed while the defendant was on pretrial release.
X (b) That no condition or combination of conditions will reasonably assure the appearance of the defendant as required and the safety of the community because the Court finds that there is probable cause to believe:
X (1) That the defendant has committed a controlled substance violation which has a maximum penalty of 10 years or more.
____ (2) That the defendant has committed an offense under 18 U.S.C. § 924(c) (uses or carries a firearm during and in relation to any crime of violence, including a crime of violence, which provides for an enhanced punishment if committed by the use of a deadly or dangerous weapon or device).

D. Additional Directives

Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3142(i)(2)-(4), the Court directs that:
1. The defendant be committed to the custody of the Attorney General for confinement in a corrections facility separate, to the extent practicable from persons awaiting or serving sentences or being held in custody pending appeal; and
2. The defendant be afforded reasonable opportunity for private consultation with counsel; and
3. That, on order of a court of the United States, or on request of an attorney for the government, the person in charge of the corrections facility in which the defendant is confined deliver the defendant to a United States Marshal for the purpose of an appearance in connection with a court proceeding.

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