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Activision Tv, Inc. v. Pinnacle Bancorp, Inc.

United States District Court, Eighth Circuit

November 7, 2013

ACTIVISION TV, INC., Plaintiff,
v.
PINNACLE BANCORP, INC., JON BRUNING, DAVID COOKSON, and DAVID LOPEZ, Defendants.

MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

JOSEPH F. BATAILLON, District Judge.

This matter is before the court on the following motions: motion to dismiss by defendants, Filing No. 21; motion to intervene by MPHJ Technology Investment, LLC ("MPHJ"), Filing No. 50; motion for preliminary injunction by MPHJ, Filing No. 53; MPHJ's motion for expedited decision, Filing No. 56; motion to stay briefing filed by defendants, Filing No. 57; motion to stay proceedings pending appeal, Filing No. 68; and motion to extend time, Filing No. 72.

BACKGROUND

Activision originally filed this case against Pinnacle Bancorp, Inc., alleging patent infringement in violation of 35 U.S.C. § 271 et seq. [1] Filing No. 1. Activision, acting through counsel Farney Daniels, PC ("Farney Daniels"), believed that certain companies were violating its patents[2] throughout the United States. Farney Daniels sent letters to these companies (five in Nebraska) asking for information to determine if in fact violations occurred or were occurring. See Filing No. 7, Exs. C1-C6. From February to June of 2013, the Nebraska Attorney General's Office Consumer Mediation Center received three complaints regarding patent license solicitation letters sent by Farney Daniels and/or an entity named BriPol LLC, AccNum LLC, or IsaMai LLC, on behalf of an entity named MPHJ Technology Investments, LLC. Filing No. 23-1 at ¶ 3. On July 12, 2013, Activision filed this lawsuit against Pinnacle Bancorp, Inc., alleging patent infringement.

On July 18, 2013, the Nebraska Attorney General filed a cease and desist order against the Farney Daniels law firm. Filing No. 7, Ex. F. The cease and desist order prohibited the law firm from initiating new patent infringement enforcement efforts within the State of Nebraska. Id. at 2. Following the issuance by the Nebraska Attorney General of the cease and desist order, Activision amended its complaint to include Nebraska Attorney General Jon Bruning and his employees, David Lopez and David Cookson. Filing No. 7. Activision contends that its First Amendment rights are infringed as a result of the cease and desist order, as it cannot hire and associate with the counsel of its choice; that its Fifth and Fourteenth Amendment rights to due process have been violated; that federal patent law preempts state law; and that the Noerr-Pennington doctrine is applicable in this case. The Attorney General argued that Farney Daniels is not a party to this lawsuit, and thus the cease and desist order is not relevant to this lawsuit.

Thereafter, plaintiff filed a motion for preliminary injunction, Filing No. 8. Defendants filed a motion to dismiss, Filing No. 21, and a brief in support of the motion to dismiss and in opposition to the preliminary injunction, Filing No. 22, as the arguments are essentially the same. The court then filed a Memorandum and Order and an Amended Memorandum and Order, Filing No. 31 and Filing No. 38, concluding that the law firm of Farney Daniels could represent plaintiff Activision in this federal court lawsuit. Further, the court filed an additional Memorandum and Order, Filing No. 41, prohibiting defendants from enforcing the cease and desist order in any way that would inhibit Farney Daniels from representing Activision in connection with licensing and litigation of United States patents owned by Activision.

MPHJ Technology Investments, LLC now moves to intervene, Filing No. 50, arguing that its interests are identical to those addressed by this court with regard to Activision. MPHJ contends that Farney Daniels has likewise been ordered to cease and desist with regard to actions on behalf of MPHJ. MPHJ also moves for a preliminary injunction, requesting the same basic relief as granted to Activision. Filing No. 53. On October 15, 2013, the defendants filed a notice of interlocutory appeal regarding Filing Nos. 38 and 41.[3] Filing No. 65. Defendants also filed a motion to stay all proceedings pending the outcome of the appeal. Filing No. 68.

DISCUSSION

Motion to stay proceedings, Filing No. 68

"[T]he power to stay proceedings is incidental to the power inherent in every court to control the disposition of the causes on its docket with economy of time and effort for itself, for counsel, and for litigants." Landis v. N. Am. Co., 299 U.S. 248, 254 (1936). A federal district court "has broad discretion to stay proceedings as an incident to its power to control its own docket." Clinton v. Jones, 520 U.S. 681, 706 (1997). Accord Sierra Club v. United States Army Corps. of Eng'rs, 446 F.3d 808, 816 (8th Cir. 2006).

As a general rule, the filing of a timely and sufficient notice of appeal operates to transfer jurisdiction of the case to the court of appeals, and after such filing the district court is without jurisdiction to proceed further in the case, except in aid of the appeal or under Rule 60(a), Fed.R.Civ.P. However, where, as here, the appeal is from an interlocutory order denying a motion for preliminary injunction, the foregoing rule does not obtain, and the filing of the notice of appeal from such an order does not ipso facto divest the district court of jurisdiction to proceed with the cause with respect to any matter not involved in the appeal, or operate to automatically stay other proceedings in the cause pending the appeal.[4]

Janousek v. Doyle, 313 F.2d 916, 920 (8th Cir.1963). See Burns v. City of Apple Valley, 30 Fed.Appx. 670 (8th Cir. 2002).

Prior to a final judgment, a party may appeal an order that grants or denies an injunction. 28 U.S.C. § 1291(a)(1); Elnashar v. Speedway SuperAmerica, LLC, 446 F.3d 796, 798 (8th Cir. 2006). Such an appeal divests a district court of jurisdiction over the matters raised by the appeal, but the district court retains jurisdiction over all other matters. Griggs v. Provident Consumer Discount Co., 459 U.S. 56, 58, 103 S.Ct. 400, 74 L.Ed.2d 225 (1982) (per curiam); United States v. Queen, 433 F.3d 1076, 1077 (8th Cir. 2006). So an appeal from an order regarding an injunction does not stay other proceedings before the district court, Janousek v. Doyle, 313 F.2d 916, 920 (8th ...

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