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United States of America v. Lori A. Schories

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF NEBRASKA


April 9, 2013

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PLAINTIFF,
v.
LORI A. SCHORIES, DEFENDANT.

The opinion of the court was delivered by: Richard G. Kopf United States District Judge

TENTATIVE FINDINGS

I am in receipt of the presentence investigation report in this case. There are objections by both parties as to the drug quantity. Both the prosecution and defense assert that the drug quantity properly attributable to the defendant should place her at a base offense level of 26. The probation officer, relying upon a Mirandized statement from the defendant, asserts that the proper drug quantity attributable to the defendant places her at a base offense level of 32.

I will take up the objections at the time of sentencing. I herewith notify both lawyers that I worry that the parties are fact bargaining in a manner that subverts the Guidelines. With that in mind, the prosecutor is especially cautioned to carefully review paragraph 2 of the following order.

IT IS ORDERED that:

(1) The undersigned will consult and follow or deviate from the Guidelines to the extent permitted and required by United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220(2005) and subsequent cases. In this regard, the undersigned gives notice that, unless otherwise ordered, he will (a) give the advisory Guidelines such weight as they deserve within the context of each individual case and will filter the Guidelines general advice through §3553(a)'s list of factors; (b) resolve all factual disputes relevant to sentencing by the greater weight of the evidence and without the aid of a jury; (c) impose upon the government the burden of proof on all Guideline-enhancements; (d) impose upon the defendant the burden of proof on all Guideline-mitigators;

(e) depart from the advisory Guidelines, if appropriate, using pre-Booker departure theory; and

(f) in cases where a departure using pre-Booker departure theory is not warranted, deviate or vary from the Guidelines when there is a principled reason for doing so. I no longer give the Guidelines "substantial weight."

(2) As part of sentencing, an evidentiary hearing will be held on the drug quantity objections (filing nos. 34 and 35). At that time, the government is directed to produce the Mirandized statement referred to in paragraph 21 of the presentence report. Without prejudice to the government's objection, if the defendant will not stipulate to the admission of that statement, the government shall present such testimony as is necessary for the admission into evidence of such statement.

(3) Except to the extent (if at all) that I have sustained an objection or granted a motion or reserved an issue for later resolution in the preceding paragraph, the parties are herewith notified that my tentative findings are that the presentence report is correct in all respects.

(4) If any party wishes to challenge these tentative findings, said party shall, as soon as possible, but in any event at least five (5) business days before sentencing, file in the court file and serve upon opposing counsel and the court a motion challenging these tentative findings, supported by (a) such evidentiary materials as are required (giving due regard to the requirements of the local rules of practice respecting the submission of evidentiary materials),

(b) a brief as to the law and (c) if an evidentiary hearing is requested, a statement describing why an evidentiary hearing is necessary and how long such a hearing would take.

(5) Absent submission of the information required by the preceding paragraph of this order, my tentative findings may become final and the presentence report may be adopted and relied upon by me without more.

(6) Unless otherwise ordered, any motion challenging these tentative findings shall be resolved at sentencing.

BY THE COURT:

20130409

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